Injuries are commonly classified based on intention. Most road traffic injuries, poisoning, falls, fire and burn injuries, and drowning are unintentional.
The Apart from legal angle, the intent of injury is important in the development of injury prevention strategies.
Based on intention, the injury may be intentional or unintentional
Intentional injuries result from purposeful harmful actions upon oneself or others. When you see unintentional vs intentional injury,the difference is in manners of death are with respect to these categories.
Intentional injuries occur when individuals deliberately harm themselves or other people. Examples include assault, homicide, and suicide. Injuries resulting from the use of legal force or acts of war are also categorized as intentional injuries.
Drugs and alcohol are often contributory factors.
During 2000, there were 1.7 million deaths due to intentional injury as determined by WHO representing 3% of all deaths globally.
Victims of both unintentional and especially intentional trauma have a high incidence of psychopathology. Victims of intentional trauma have significantly lower intelligence scores than either unintentional injury or elective surgery patients. The high incidence of unemployment, alcoholism, and illicit drug abuse are frequently associated with intentional injury.
Unintentional injury is a wound sustained without any malicious intent. Examples of unintentional injuries include road traffic injuries, falls, most drownings, and burns. Road traffic injuries may be due to MVCs (including motorcycle rashes), pedestrians struck by a motor vehicle, bicycle crashes, and other injuries. It is also called accidental injury.
unintentional injuries are the overall leading cause of death among women aged 15-44 years and the fourth leading cause of death among women aged 45-64 years. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among young women aged 15-24 years and the fourth leading cause of death for women aged 25-44 years. Homicide is the fifth leading cause of death among women aged 15-24 years.
Approximately, 70% of global injury fatalities are due to unintentional injury. The intentionality of an injury cannot always be accurately determined. Likewise, intentional and unintentional injuries may not be mutually exclusive.
The prevention of unintentional injury focuses upon education, enforced use of restraint devices, and improved control of environmental factors (i.e., roadway maintenance, lighting, clear lane markings etc.).